Order of Premontre, Premonstratensians, Norbertines, and White Canons





Ingrid Joester, Die Stellung der Abtei Steinfeld im Prämonstratenserorden, p. 5-32

For a long time, the Abbey of Steinfeld was considered to be a daughter of Prémontré. However, there is no evidence in the written sources that the respective abbots of Prémontré would ever have intervened into inner affairs of Steinfeld even though there is, since the end of the 14th century, information about the inclusion of Prémontré in the election of abbots. The abbey of Steinfeld was closely connected with the filiation of Prémontré, the abbots of Steinfeld used to participate regularly at the General Chapter, where some of them were nominated as Definitors. Rarely, the General Chapter dealt with affairs of Steinfeld. As every monastery of the order, Steinfeld was subject to regular visitations leading to good results. During the 15th and 16th century, the abbots of Steinfeld were charged with the visitation of monasteries belonging to the circary of Westfalen. As of 1630, they used to be the vicar generals of the abbots of Prémontré in the circary of Westfalen, as from 1649 also for the circaries of Ilfeld and Wadgassen. Among other things, their tasks included the organisation of Provincial Chapters whose decisions needed to be approved by the Abbot General. The first official Provincial Chapter took place in 1628, others followed in 1631, 1659, 1678, 1680 and 1716. In the year 1615 or rather 1619, the Collegium sancti Norberti respectively Seminarium Norbertinum was founded in the monastery house of Steinfeld in Köln for the purpose of education of the young male generation from the circaries of Westfalen, Ilfeld and Wadgassen. From 1643 onwards, its administration was entrusted only to the abbot of Steinfeld. From 1659 to 1672 there existed a common novitiate in Dünnwald. The abbots of Steinfeld also served the political aims of the whole order and ensured their influence upon the General Abbot’s election.


Ulrich G. Leinsle, „Theatrum praecedentiae“. Rangstreitigkeiten in der Böhmischen Zirkarie und den kaiserlichen Erblanden im 17./18. Jahrhundert, p. 33-70

In the acts of the provincial chapters of the Bohemian Circary and the Imperial Provinces from 1641 to 1780, repeated disputes of rank between the canonries and their heads are striking. Hence, the question of rank or precedence in the Premonstratensian Order is to be discussed in due consideration of ceremonial science concerning the 17th and 18th centuries. Withal, the “ius praecedentiae” is playing a central role. Once somebody relinquished his seat, this resulted in a loss of right. Thus, precedence is more than “symbolic capital”. Notwithstanding conceptions of equality, already according to the order’s first Consuetudines one’s place in the choir as well as in the refectory was clearly determined. As a kind of punishment, one could be deprived from his choir stall and of his seat in the refectory, likewise, these could be restituted as an act of mercy.

In the case of a meeting of several abbots, particularly at provincial and general chapters, their precedence was determined by the abbey’s age respectively by the abbots’ seniority. These disputes among the heads of monasteries often find their underlying cause in current policies, most notably concerning the precedence of visitors in the State Diet or imperial privileges. Due to the fact that at provincial chapters, voting is strictly correlated with the seating according to the date of a monastery’s incorporation to the order, older abbeys were able to decide a matter even before the younger had casted their vote. As the general chapter of 1660 generally gave precedence to the abbots before the provosts, first the provosts of the men’s monasteries – at a later time also those of the women’s monasteries – were seeking abbacy because of their membership to the estate of prelates in Bohemia, Moravia, Austria and Hungary where they were holding seats in the Diet on equal terms with the abbots. Finally, the endeavour to gaining a higher rank extended also to the representatives of parish priests at provincial chapters if they were deans or holding other diocesan offices.



Ulrich G. Leinsle, Eine deutsche Übersetzung und eine Bearbeitung der Statuten von 1630 aus dem Frauenstift Doksany/Doxan, p. 71-88

Jeremia J. Mayr, Das Vesperale Praemonstratense (2014) und sein Supplementum (2017). Nova et Vetera zur Feier der Liturgia Horarum, p. 89-131



William P. Hyland, Abbot Jacob Panhausen of Steinfeld’s Praefatio in Regulam Divi Aurelii Augustini Hypponensis Episcopi (1570 Text and Commentary), p. 132-159

Ulrich G. Leinsle, Dokumente zur Reform des Frauenstiftes ChotÄ›šov/Chotieschau im 17. Jahrhundert, p. 160-187



Elisabeth Lusset, Crime, châtiment et grâce dans les monastères au Moyen âge (XIIe-XVe siècle) (D.-M. Dauzet O.Praem.), p. 188-190

Mario Damen, Prelaten, edelen en steden. De samenstelling van de Staten van Brabant in de vijftiende eeuw (J. Appelmans), p. 191-197

Jozefa Van Bragt e.a., Bibliotheek van de Abdij van Park (J. Appelmans), p. 198-206

Jean van Stratum, Tot elk goed werk bereid. Pastorale en missionaire acties van de abdij van Berne in het buitenland 1890-2000 (R. Rommens O.Praem.), p. 206-212


Chronicon, p. 213-235

            Index, p. 236-240

Index tomi XCIV, 2018, p. 241-242

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