Order of Premontre, Premonstratensians, Norbertines, and White Canons

12 Footnotes

12 Footnotes

NOTES FOR THE INTRODUCTION TO THE LIFE OF ST. NORBERT – VITA-B

[Introductio-1] - - Present location: Berlin 805, Staatsbibliothek Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Ms. theol. lat. 79, fol. 90r-110v. Printed edition: MGH ScriptoresXII, pp. 670-703.

[Introductio-2] - - W.M. Grauwen, "De handschriften van de Vitae Norberti", Analecta Praem., 70 (1994), pp. 5-101

[Introductio-3] - - W.M. Grauwen, "Inleiding tot de Vita Norberti A", Analecta Praem., 60 (19840, pp. 13-17. This Introduction has been translated into English by Father O. Michael Meeusen, O. Praem. of Tongerlo.

[Introductio-4] - - Other than Vita A and Vita B, the only other known life of Norbert is that written by Hermann of Tournai (+1147: De miraculais Sanctae Mariae Laudunensis, Book III, Chapters 1-9. This was composed in three versions between 1140-1147. According to the author his source was Hugh of Fosses. This work is probably the oldest datable historical source material on the life of Norbert since Herman says that not thirty years have passed since the Bishop took Norbert to Prémontré. Cf. MGH Scriptores XII, pp. 653-660; PL 156, cols. 987-999.

[Introductio-5] - - Chapter 49, #106

[Introductio-6] - - Chapter 50, #109

[Introductio-7] - - AA.SS., vol. XXI, June 6, Paris-Rome, 1867, pp. 807-847

[Introductio-8] - - PL 170, cols. 1253-1350

[Introductio-9] - - W.M. Grauwen, "Inleiding tot de Vita Norberti B", Analecta Praem.66 (1990), pp. 123-202. This Introduction has been translated into English by Father O. Michael Meeusen, O. Praem. of Tongerlo.

[Introductio-10] - - W.M. Grauwen, Over het ontstaan en de groei van de Premonstratenzers (Bibliotheca Analectorum Praemonstratensium, Fasc. 18) Averbode, 1990


NOTES FOR THE PROLOGUE OF THE LIFE OF ST. NORBERT – VITA-B

[Prologue-1] - - Phillipians 3:19

[Prologue-2] - - Matthew 7:16

[Prologue-3] - - Matthew 7:18


NOTES FOR THE MAIN TEXT OF THE LIFE OF ST. NORBERT – VITA-B:

[1-1] - - Henry V (1106-1125]

[1-2] - - Paschal II (1099-1118)

[1-3] - - City on the Rhine River (District of Wesel, North Rhine-Westphalia)

[1-4] - - A corruption from Colonia Ulpia Trajana, the Roman settlement

[1-5] - - A town in the Netherlands (Province of Limburg), located where the Niers River flows into the Meuse

[1-6] - - Between Nijmegen, Gennep and Cleves.

[1-7] - - Cf. Luke 1:15 on John the Baptist, and Luke 1:32 on Christ.

[1-8] - - Frederick I of Schwarzenburg (1100-1131)

[1-9] - - Cf. I Corinthians 9:22.

[1-10] - - Babylon is the city of evil in contrast to the heavenly Jerusalem

[2-1] - - Exodus 15:1 and 21

[2-2] - - Cf. Luke 13:10-13.

[2-3] - - Vreden a town in the District of Borken, North Rhine-Westphalia. The ride to Vreden is only found in Vita A and in four manusccripts of Vita B, Soissons 11, 12 and 13, and Amiens 594.

[2-4] - - Hosea 2:6

[2-5] - - Numbers 22:23-30

[2-6] - - Cf. Acts 9:4; 22:7; 26:14.

[2-7] - - Acts 9:5; 26:14.

[2-8] - - Exodus 15:1 and 21.

[2-9] - - Cf. Acts 9:6

[2-10] - - Ps. 34(33):15; Ps. 37(36):27.

[2-11] - - II Chronicles 5:13; 7:6; 20:21; Ezra 3:11; Ps. 100(99):5; Ps. 136(135).

[2-12] - - Ps. 25(25):2.

[2-13] - - Cf. Jeremiah 1:10.

[2-14] - - Romans 5:20

[2-15] - - Benedictine monastery about 20km. southeast of Cologne (North Rhine-Westphalia).

[2-16] - - Abbot of Siegburg (1106-1126), Bishop of Regensburg (1126-1132)

[2-17] - - Proverbs 29:11

[2-18] - - John 7:30.

[2-19] - - John 2:4

[2-20] - - John 7:6

[2-21] - - John 6:4

[2-22] - - John 13:1

[2-23] - - Ephesians 4:24; Colossians 3:10.

[3-1] - - Rupert of Deutz means the fourth Sundy of Advent with "tempus ordinatiois". Cf. J.H. Van Engen, Rupert of Deutz, Berkeley, 1983, p. 55. According to ecclesiastical prescriptions the higher orders were conferred on the Ember Saturdays. In 1115 they fell on March 13, June 12, September 18 and December 18.

[3-2] - - John 13:7

[3-3] - - Cf. Luke 16:11

[3-4] - - Ephesians 4:24; Colossians 3:9.

[3-5] - - I Maccabees 14:43; Luke 16:19.

[4-1] - - Matthew 12:35; 13:52; Luke 6:45.

[4-2] - - Galatians 5:21

[4-3] - - The rule of the secular canons was that of Aachen which referred to many texts of the Fathers on priestly life, among others Gregory the Great (590-604) and Isidore of Seville (+636).

[4-4] - - Proverbs 29:11.

[4-5] - - Luke 4:24.

[4-6] - - Ephesians 2:2.

[4-7] - - The rule of Aachen permitted a canon to have his own house and food supplies, etc.

[5-1] - - Job 5:6

[5-2] - - The god of reason.

[5-3] - - Philippians 1:21

[5-4] - - Galatians 6:14

[5-5] - - Acts 14:21.

[5-6] - - Romans 8:18.

[5-7] - - St. Augustine, letter 89, to Festus ("...quod martyres veros non facit poena, sed causa?"); letter 204 to Dulcitius ("..., cum martyrem non facit poena, sed causa.").

[5-8] - - Matthew 5:10.

[5-9] - - Revelation 21:4.

[5-10] - - Wisdon 5:4

[5-11] - - Ps. 104(103):24.

[5-12] - - Ps. 104(103):26-27.

[5-13] - - Matthew 8:31.

[5-14] - - Ps. 104(103):29

[5-15] - - Tobit 8:3.

[5-16] - - Ps. 59(58):11.

[5-17] - - Ps. 23(22):6.

[5-18] - - Ps. 59(58):2.

[5-19] - - Ps. 23(22):1.

[6-1] - - Sirach 30:1

[6-2] - - A similar spider strory is found in several Vitae. Cf. the "Inleiding tot de Vita Norberti B:, in Analecta Praem. 66 (1990), pp. 123-202, sections 10, 15, and 27.

[6-3] - - In his Dutch translation Father Grauwen translated the word "fides" in the sense of "trust" rather than "faith".

[6-4] - - Cf. Ezechiel 18:32.

[6-5] - - Matthew 17:19.

[6-6] - - Mark 9:22.

[6-7] - - Hebrews 11:33.

[7-1] - - II Timothy 4:2

[7-2] - - This is most likely in the sense that between 1115 and 1118 Norbert wore the garb of a religious. This was one of the accusations made against him at Fritzlar.

[7-3] - - Rolduc or Klosterrath, an Augustinian house of canons regular in present-day Kerkrade in the Netherlands (Prov. of Limburg), not far from Aachen.

[8-1] - - July 28, 1118.

[8-2] - - A city in Germany, District of Homberg, Hesse.

[8-3] - - Conon, Cardinal Bishop of Praeneste and legate of Pope Gelasius II.

[8-4] - - In the Latin there is a play on the word "religio" which can mean both "religious life/community" and "religion".

[8-5] - - James 1:27.

[8-6] - - James 5:20.

[8-7] - - I Peter 3:3

[8-8] - - Matthew 3:4.

[8-9] - - Genesis 3:21

[8-10] - -  Cf. Mark 14:59 on Christ.

[8-11] - - Cf. Genesis 16:12 on Ismael.

[9-1] - - John 8:44.

[9-2] - - John 15:22.

[9-3] - - Cf. Genesis 12:1

[9-4] - - Between Namur and Liäge (Province of Liege)

[10-1] - - St. Gilles-du-Gard, pilgrimage site, south of Nimes, departement Gard.

[10-2] - - Gelasius II (1118-1119)

[10-3] - - Based on a date of birth between 1080 and 1085, Norbert was at this time (1119) between 34 and 39 years old.

[10-4] - - These different possibilities are not found in Vita A.

[11-1] - - Neither this letter has been preserved nor a single such permission for a Wanderprediger.

[12-1] - - City in France, departement Lorient.

[12-2] - - City in France, departement Nord.

[12-3] - - In 1119 Palm Sunday fell on March 23.

[12-4] - - Cf. Acts 1:15; 2:4-12.

[12-5] - - March 30 - April 6, 1119.

[12-6] - - City in France, departement Nord; Burchard (1114-1130).

[12-7] - - March 26, 1119.

[12-8] - - The Diocese of Cambrai was vacant for 18 months between June 19, 1113 and Nov./Dec. 1114.

[12-9] - - This archdeacon is not mentioned in Vita A.

[12-10] - - This response of Hugh is not in Vita A.

[13-1] - - Norbert was still in the Rhineland until after the Council of Fritzlar, July 28, 1118. The date here should read 1119.

[13-2] - - This mention of "labor" is not found in Vita A.

[13-3] - - Ps. 112(111):9.

[13-4] - - Hebrews 11:13.

[13-5] - - Proverbs 26:11 and II Peter 2:22.

[13-6] - - Proverbs 21:15.

[13-7] - - Mark 6:8

[13-8] - - These practices of Norbert are not mentioned in Vita A.

[13-9] - - None of these topics re named in Vita A.

[13-10] - - Matthew 22:15.

[13-11] - - Isaiah 58:1.

[13-12] - - This choice of Norbert is not found in Vita A.

[14-1] - - The material in number 30 does not occur in Vita A.

[14-2] - - Pope Sixtus II (257-258).

[14-3] - - John 4:13.

[14-4] - - Matthew 5:3.

[15-1] - - A town in Belgium, Province of Namur.

[15-2] - - All the 12th century manuscripts, as well as the 1656 edition of J.C. vanderSterre, read "feria tertia" (Tuesday). The Acta Sanctorum and the Patrologia read "feria sexta" (Friday) which is incorrect.

[15-3] - - Moustier-sur-Sambre, Belgium, Prov. of Namur.

[15-4] - - This refers to Christ’s instruction on prayer, Matthew 6:6.

[15-5] - - Ps. 36(35):10; Proverbs 13:14; 14:27; 16:22; Sirach 21:16; Revelation 7:17; 21:6

[15-6] - - The expression "ut erat timidus" is also found in the first vision after Norbert’s death, number 116. One may suppose that Hugh is meant there also.

[15-7] - - Matthew 10:12-13; Luke 10:5-6.

[16-1] - - A town in Belgium, Prov. of Namur

[16-2] - - Cf. Matthew 10:16.

[16-3] - - Isaiah 14:13.

[16-4] - - Cf. Matthew 7:6.

[16-5] - - The author presumes that the text will be read out loud.

[17-1] - - A town in Belgium, 5 km. south of Gembloux, Prov. of Namur.

[17-2] - - Ps. 83(82):17.

[18-1] - - These considerations (the critics, the correct sequence of events) are characteristic of the author of Vita B. They occur in the prologue. However, they are not found in Vita A.

[18-2] - - Gelasius II (1118-1119).

[18-3] - - Callistus II (1119-1124), Archbishop Guido of Vienne, uncle of Bartholomew of Laon.

[18-4] - - Elected pope on February 2, 1119.

[18-5] - - He fled Rome on March 1, 1118.

[18-6] - - Died at Cluny on January 29, 1119.

[18-7] - - John 14:18.

[18-8] - - The Council of Rheims was held October 20-30, 1119.

[18-9] - - Cf. II Timothy 4:3; Titus 1:9; 2:1.

[18-10] - - Neither this letter for Norbert, nor any such letter of permission to preach for a Wanderprediger has been preserved.

[19-1] - - Bartholomew je Joux (Bishop of Laon 1113-1150; died June 26, 1158) was of the highest nobility and a nephew of Pope Callistus II.

[19-2] - - In Vita B "homo" always indicates Norbert, however nothing is known about relativess of Hedwig in the region of Laon. Bartholomew of course had relatives there. Father Grauwen says that the context of Vita A clearly indicates Bartholomew.

[19-3] - - City in France, departement Aisne. Callistus was in Laon between November 11 and 18, 1119.

[19-4] - - Secular chapter of canons.

[19-5] - - Luke 19:14.

[19-6] - - II Corinthians 6:9.

[19-7] - - Departement Aisne, 18km. west of Laon.

[20-1] - - Mark 4:8; Luke 8:8.

[20-2] - - Evermode was later Provisor in Gottesgnaden and provost of Our Lady’s Monastery at Magdeburg (138), afterwards bishop of Ratzeburg (1154-1178).

[20-3] - - Joshua 4:3; Ps. 132(131):7. These lines about Evermode’s praying are not found in Vita A.

[20-4] - - Luke 5:11.

[20-5] - - This command is probably told to justify the return of Evermode from Gottesgnaden to Our Lady’s Monastery at Magdeburg.

[20-6] - - City in Belgium, 31 km. south of Brussels.

[20-7] - - Anthony does not appear in Vita A.

[20-8] - - April 11-18, 1120.

[21-1] - - Cf. I Corinthians 3:11.

[21-2] - - I Peter 2:5.

[21-3] - - Cf. Hebrews 12:22.

[21-4] - - Isaiah 14:14.

[21-5] - - II Corinthians 11:14.

[21-6] - - The expression "auribus audire volentium" points to the fact that the text was meant to be read out loud.

[21-7] - - Cf. III Kings (I Kings) 19:12 (sibilus aurae tenuis).

[21-8] - - Cf. Ezekiel 1:4 (ventus turbinis).

[21-9] - - Cf. Ezekiel 28:12 (signaculum similitudinis).

[21-10] - - A similar statement was made about Norbert above in number 24, and as a prescription of Norbert for his followers in number 54.

[21-11] - - Cf. Ezekiel 1:4 (ventus turbinis).

[21-12] - - According to Isaiah 14:13, the north (Aquilo) was considered the dwelling place of the devil.

[22-1] - - Ps. 7:13-14.

[22-2] - - Ps. 104(103):23.

[22-3] - - Hugh left with Burchard of Cambrai after the Council of Rheims in October, 1119.

[22-4] - - Proverbs 26:11; II Peter 2:22.

[22-5] - - Matthew 13:25.

[22-6] - - This book was generally used in learning to read.

[22-7] - - Collapsing can be a symptom of epilepsy.

[22-8] - - In Vita A there follows here the story (Chapter 11) of the Deacon Nicholas at Soissons. This story is not found in Vita B.

[23-1] - - Vita A does not list Gereon here, but instead the Martyrs of the Theban Legion.

[23-2] - - St. Gereon was a noble secular chapter of canons.

[23-3] - - In Vita A there follows here a description of the tombstone and body.

[23-4] - - Vita A has more details here.

[23-5] - - I Corinthians 4:15.

[23-6] - - Ermesindis (+1143), wife of Count Albert of Dasburg and Moha (+1098) and afterwards of Count Godfrey of Namur (+1139).

[23-7] - - Floreffe is in the province of Namur.

[24-1] - - Deuteronomy 32:11.

[24-2] - - Ps. 55(54):7.

[24-3] - - Cf. Luke 6:48.

[24-4] - - Cf. Luke 2:19.

[24-5] - - Proverbs 29.11.

[24-6] - - December 25, 1121.

[24-7] - - "...ad instar Dominicae descriptionis..." This seems to be a reference to Luke 2:1-2 where Joseph and Mary go to the register for the census in Bethlehem. "...ut describeretur...Haec descriptio..."

[24-8] - - These are the opening words of the Rule of Augustine.

[24-9] - - John 20:12.

[24-10] - -Exodus 28:42-43.

[24-11] - - Cf. I Corinthians 9:19-22.

[25-1] - - These prescriptions regarding fasting and the use of donkeys are no longer found in the oldest Statutes of 1135-1143.

[25-2] - - Of these three recommendations this appears to be the most original with Norbert. Something similar to a chapter can be found in the Rule of Aachen. Also, neglect of hospitality was among the motivations for the Rule of Aachen.

[25-3] - - I Corinthians, 2:2.

[26-1] - - Hebrews 4:13.

[26-2] - - II Corinthians 6:15.

[26-3] - - Matthew 13:12.

[27-1] - - Ps. 138(137):6.

[27-2] - - Romans 4:18.

[27-3] - - Luke 9:51.

[27-4] - - Galatians 2:20.

[27-5] - - Matthew 11:15; 13:9; 13:43; Mark 4:9; 4:23; 7:16; Luke 8:8; 14:35.

[27-6] - - Ps. 111(110):2.

[28-1] - - Thomas, Lord of Coucy, Marle and La Fere (+1130), departement Aisne.

[28-2] - - Engelrand succeeded his father in 1130.

[28-3] - - Mark 4:41.

[28-4] - - Cf. Luke 6:48.

[28-5] - - Matthew 15:13.

[28-6] - - The expression "nostrates" shows that the author was a Frenchman. Vita A uses the word "Gallici" or "Frenchmen" here.

[28-7] - - Saturday, November 18, 1122.

[28-8] - - John 14:12.

[28-9] - - John 1:50

[29-1] - - This collective hallucination is also foundin Vita A, chapter 13.

[29-2] - - Cf. Revelation 9:10.

[29-3] - - John 6:37.

[29-4] - - Daniel 7:19ff.

[29-5] - - I John 2:18 and 22; II John 7.

[29-6] - - Simon, Abbot of Saint Nicholas-aux-Bois, a Benedictine Abbey a few km. from Prémontré, Departement Aisne.

[29-7] - - Sirach 46:1; Hebrews 11:34. The entire antiphon is found in the liturgy of the Apostles, viz. the Magnificat antiphon for the 2nd Vespers of Barnabas (June 11) and Bartholomew (August 24) and for the 1st Vespers of Matthias (February 24).

[29-8] - - This dialogue does not occur in Vita A, chapter 13. In fact, according to Vita B, numbers 61 and 65, Norbert is absent at this time.

[29-9] - - Vita A. chapter 13, speaks of one prior.

[29-10] - - Luke 1:78.

[29-11] - - II Corinthians 11:14.

[29-12] - - I Peter 5:8.

[29-13] - - Vita A, chapter 13, gives the names of the two men as Reinald and Burchard, and offers a longer and more detailed story.

[30-1] - - Jeremiah 20:14.

[30-2] - - John 8:44; I John 2:4.

[30-3] - - In Vita A there follows here the devil story about the porter. This story is not found in Vita B except in Manuscripts Soissons 12 and 13, but in these manuscripts the story is added to the end of the Vita after the three visions which proclaim Norbert’s blessedness. Cf. the "Inleiding tot de Vita Norberti A", in Analecta Praemonstratensia, LX (1984), p. 22.

[31-1] - - Maastricht (Trajectum) is the chief city of the Netherlands Province of Limburg.

[31-2] - - Wisdom 2:24

[31-3] - - Luke 8:12

[32-1] - - Godfrey of Cappenberg died on January 13, 1127 at Ilbenstadt.

[32-2] - - Cappenberg, between Dortmund and Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia.

[32-3] - - Godrey's wife was Jutta.

[32-4] - - Otto of Cappenberg died probably on January 26, 1171.

[32-5] - - Frederick of Arnsberg died in 1124.

[32-6] - - Genesis 16:12

[32-7] - - Matthew 22:21; Mark 12:17; Luke 20:25.

[32-8] - - John 16:33.

[32-9] - - Vita A reads "...animarum suum mutare noluit..." rather than "...asinum suum" etc.

[32-10] - - Acts 1:18.

[32-11] - - Ilbenstadt, District of Friedberg, Upper Hesse.

[32-12] - - Varlar, District of Coesfeld, North Rhine-Westphalia.

[33-1] - - This seems to be in contradiction to the prologue which speaks of a gathering and sharing of information.

[33-2] - - Matthew 5:15; Mark 4:21; Luke 11:33.

[33-3] - - Theobald II of Champagne, IV of Blois (surnamed The Great), died January 10, 1152.

[33-4] - - II Timothy 4:3; Titus 1:9; 2:1.

[33-5] - - Ps. 24(23):1.

[33-6] - - II Corinthians 6:10.

[34-1] - - Regensburg, Bavaria.

[34-2] - - Hartwich (1106-1126).

[34-3] - - Engelbert II, Count of Treviso, Margrave of Istria.

[34-4] - - Honorius II (1124-1130).

[34-5] - - Magdeburg (Parthenopolis is the Greek form), Saxony-Anhalt.

[34-6] - - Würzburg (Herbipolis is the Greek form), Bavaria.

[34-7] - - After the death of Bishop Rutger in 1125 the see was vacant until the election of Bishop Embricho (1127-1146).

[34-8] - - April 11, 1126.

[34-9] - - Oberzell, near Würzburg.

[35-1] - - Viviers, departement Aisne. In 1153 the abbey was moved to Valsery.

[35-2] - - City in France, departement Aisne.

[35-3] - - Ps. 83(82):9.

[36-1] - - Burchard of Cambrai (1114-1130).

[36-2] - - Our Lady's Church.

[36-3] - - This is the first and only mention of preaching by Norbert's followers.

[36-4] - - Ps. 19(18):11; Sirach 24:27,

[36-5] - - Ps. 104(103):15.

[37-1] - - Isaiah 16:6

[38-1] - - The following three wolf stories, viz. in numbers 82, 83 and 84, are not found in Vita A.

[39-1] - - Cf. I Timothy 5:18.

[39-2] - - Ps. 94(93):9.

[39-3] - - Proverbs 16:7.

[39-4] - - Wisdom 5:21.

[39-5] - - Cf. Deuteronomy 32:11.

[41-1] - - Ezechiel 28:12.

[41-2] - - II Corinthians 6:14.

[42-1] - - This division of the hundred and twenty poor people into three groups is not found in Vita A. Nor is there any mention there of the "domus hospitalis".

[42-2] - - John 13:1.

[42-3] - - Speyer, Rhine Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz).

[42-4] - - Lothair III of Supplinburg (1125-1137). He is correctly called king here; he was only made emperor on June 4, 1133. Vita A refers to him here as emperor.

[42-5] - - Vita A does not mention here Norbert's reputation for holiness (virum sanctum).

[42-6] - - Vita A gives his name, Gerard. He was Gerard Caccianemici, Cardinal Priest, later Pope Lucius II (1144-1145).

[42-7] - - Only the names of the two candidates are known, Norbert and Conrad of Querfurt, a nephew of King Lothair III. Conrad succeeded Norbert as archbishop (1134-1142).

[42-8] - - The "primicerius" was a dignitary of a diocese in charge of the liturgy and sometimes the director of the cathedral school.

[42-9] - - Archbishop of Trier (1131-1152).

[42-10] - - Genesis 29:15-30.

[42-11] - - Luke 10:42.

[42-12] - - Proverbs 21:30.

[42-13] - - Nothing more is known of such a plan of Norbert. Letter VIII of Bernard of Clairvaux to Geoffrey of Chartres, around the end of November 1124, mentions a rumor that Norbert would go to Jerusalem.

[44-1] - - Norbert was consecrated bishop by his suffragan bishop, Udo of Naumburg, on July 25, 1126.

[44-2] - - I Timothy 3:4.

[44-3] - - Jeremiah 17:5.

[44-4] - - Cf. II Timothy 4:2.

[44-5] - - This is the only mention of the Gregorian Reform program in the Vita. It is not found in Vita A.

[45-1] - - According to Norbert's document of October 29, 1129, there were twelve canons under the authority of a dean. Cf. W.M. Grauwen, Norbertus Aartsbisschop van Maagdenburg(1126-1134), Brussels, 1978, p. 281.

[46-1] - - Cf. Exodus 1:7.

[46-2] - - Ps. 14(13):1.

[46-3] - - Ps. 14(13):4; 140(139):4.

[46-4] - - Ps. 53(52):6.

[46-5] - - Cf. Deuteronomy 4:32.

[46-6] - - Matthew 5:44.

[46-7] - - Luke 23:34.

[47-1] - - I Peter 3:9.

[47-2] - - John 2:14; 7:30.

[48-1] - - John 14:18.

[48-2] - - Cf, Zachariah 13:7; Matthew 26:31; Mark 14:27.

[48-3] - - I Corinthians 4:15; Philemon 10.

[48-4] - - Hugh of Fosses, Abbot of Prémontré 1128-1161/64.

[48-5] - - St. Michael's.

[48-6] - - According to Vita A, chapter 18. Hugh appointed the abbots of Laon, Viviers and Bonne Esperance.

[49-1] - - Honorius II (1124-1130), died February 13/14, 1130.

[49-2] - - Innocent II (1130-1143).

[49-3] - - Antipope Anacletus II (1130-1138).

[49-4] - - October 18-29, 1131. The closing date is not certain.

[49-5] - - I Peter 5:8.

[49-6] - - This is not found in Vita A, chapter 19, and is anachronistic and unlikely. Cf. W.M. Grauwen, Norbertus Aartsbisschop van Maagdenburg(1126-1134), Brussels, 1978, p. 477. The uprising against Norbert had already taken place in 1129.

[49-7] - - This is wrong. A bull from the Council of Rheims (1131) cannot have been the cause of an uprising in 1129.

[49-8] - - Matthew 12:26; Mark 3:24.

[49-9] - - I Corinthians 5:2.

[49-10] - - Cf. Matthew 26:16; Luke 22:6.

[49-11] - - A reference to the spider story.

[49-12] - - These were Norbert's suffragan bishops, Anselm of Havelberg (1129-1155) and Godebold of Meissen (1125-1140).

[49-13] - - Cathedral Provost Frederick.

[49-14] - - Otto I (936-973).

[49-15] - - Cf. Luke 14:30.

[49-16] - - June 29.

[49-17] - - June 30. The siege took place on the night of June 29 to 30, 1129.

[49-18] - - II Timothy 1:12.

[49-19] - - Cf. John 8:21 and 24.

[49-20] - - Cf. Acts 23:14.

[49-21] - - Cf. John 18:7.

[49-22] - - "Martyris sui"; Norbert does not receive this title in Vita A.

[49-23] - - Cf. John 18:9.

[49-24] - - Cf. W.M. Grauwen, Norbertus..., p. 278.

[49-25] - - Matthew 26:56.

[49-26] - - Ps. 116(115):13.

[49-27] - - The writer of Vita B was not an eyewitness of this event.

[49-28] - - Ps. 19(18):11; Sirach 24:27.

[49-29] - - Ps. 34(33):20.

[50-1] - - Proverbs 29:11.

[50-2] - - Cf. W.M. Grauwen, Norbertus Aartsbishop van Maagdenburg(1126-1134), Brussels, 1978, p. 329.

[50-3] - - John 8:59.

[50-4] - - Cf. Matthew 15:13.

[50-5] - - The Benedictine Monastery of Berge near Magdeburg.

[50-6] - - Giebichenstein (Gevekenstein) near Halle on the Saale River.

[50-7] - - Jeremiah 17:5.

[50-8] - - Luke 23:34.

[50-9] - - Romans 12:17.

[51-1] - - Luke 18:14.

[51-2] - - This is incorrect. The uprising took place in 1129, in the third year of his episcopate. Vita A, chapter 20, gives the correct reading.

[52-1] - - Lothair III of Supplinburg, Duke of Saxony, King (1125) and Emperor of the Roman Empire (June 4, 1133).

[52-2] - - Excommunication.

[52-3] - - Besides Norbert there was only one other archbishop in the retinue of Lothair III, Adalbero of Hamburg-Bremen (1123-1148).

[52-4] - - Such an order remains unknown. Norbert actually belonged to the retinue of Lothair which traveled by another route.

[52-5] - - The earliest manuscripts and the 1656 edition of Vita B by J.C. vander Sterre read "absque intolerabili offendiculo". However, the editors of the Acta Sanctorum had added "non" in brackets.

[52-6] - - The army was relatively small, only about 1500 men.

[52-7] - - These details are incorrect. Innocent followed by a different route. Rome was not taken by storm, and St. Peter’s was in the hands of Anacletus.

[52-8] - - In Vita A there follows here the exorcism performed on a soldier in the army of Lothair III.

[52-9] - - This appears to be in contradiction with the prologue where mention is made of a group of persons. The author is repeating here what he already said above in number 74.

[52-10] - - Augustine, De disciplina christiana, Patrologia Latina 40, col. 676; R. Vander Plaetae, in Corpus Christianorum. Series Latina, vol. 46, Steenbrugge, 1969, p. 221.

[52-11] - - Wednesday after Pentecost, June 6, 1134.

[53-1] - - These words are from the Preface of the Mass.

[53-2] - - On June 6, 1134 Lothair III was at Merseburg, about 100 km. from Magdeburg. Cf. W.M. Grauwen, Norbertus Aartsbisschop van Maagdenburg (1126-1134), Brussels, 1978, p. 634.

[53-3] - - This is wrong. Norbert died on June 6; he was buried on Monday, June 11, 1134. This exaggeration is also found in Vita A, chapter 23.

[53-4] - - The expression "tractari manibus" probably refers to the care of the body, not embalming.

[53-5] - - Considering the context "in medio monasterii" means in the middle of the church not the cloister.

[53-6] - - Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16. The first half of the citation is also found in Matthew 15:4; Luke 18:20; Ephesians 6:1.

[53-7] - - The date of this transfer to the choir is unknown.

[54-1] - - These three appearances of Norbert in numbers 116-117 are not found in Vita A. They are intended to prove Norbert’s blessedness.

[54-2] - - This expression "ut erat timidus" was applied to Hugh of Fosses in number 32.

[54-3] - - An outlying farm.

[54-4] - - "In primordio conversionis" possibly means after his entry into Prémontré. The companions whom Norbert had previously had died at Valenciennes between March 30 and April 6, 1119.

[54-5] - - Cf. Matthew 7:708; Luke 11:9-10.

[54-6] - - Song of Songs 5:1. It is also possible that "soror" is used because "anima" or soul is a feminine word.

[54-7] - - Like the first vision, the third is also attributed to Hugh of Fosses.

[54-8] - - Thus Hugh was still alive when Vita B was written.

[54-9] - - The words "quae gessit" are found in all the manuscripts but have been omitted in the editions of J.C. vander Sterre and the Acta Sanctorum. The author is claiming to have received information about Norbert’s life before 1118. Yet the facts about this period are very scarce in the Vitae.

[54-10] - - Like Abraham, Genesis 12:1.

[54-11] - - Notice the similarity of these thoughts about his adversaries to the reproaches expressed in the prologue.


NOTES FOR THE ADDITAMENTA:

[AC-I-1] - - Cf. "Inleiding tot de Vita Norberti B: in Anal. Praem. 66(1990), pp. 123-202, number 16: Vita B tegenover Hugo van Fosses, pp. 165-167.

[AC-I-2] - - Taken directly from the Vita Godefridi comitis Capenbergensis, ed. Ph. Jaffe, in MGH., SS, XII, p. 516, lines 15-21.

[AC-I-3] - - Isaiah 40:3; Luke 3:4.

[AC-II-1] - - Proverbs 10:3.

[AC-II-2] - - Chapter 2 comes from the Vita Godefridi, p. 517, lines 28-38,

[AC-III-1] - - Chapter 3 comes from the Vita Godefridi, p. 517, lines 38-43.

[AC-IV-1] - - Matthew 3:4; Mark 1:6.

[AC-IV-2] - - The author of the Additamenta reveals here that he is a Premonstratensian. This is nowhere the case in Vita B.

[AC-IV-3] - - Ps. 80(79):9.

[AC-IV-4] - - "In brachio excelso", Exodus 6:6.

[AC-IV-5] - - Chapter 4 comes from the Vita Godefridi, p. 516, line 37 to p. 517, line 4.

[AC-V-1] - - Chapter 5 comes from the Vita Godefridi, p. 517, lines 20-28.

[AC-VI-1] - - Cf. H.J. Lentze, "Der Messritus des Praemonstratenser-ordens", in Anal. Praem. 26(1950), p. 143, and W.M. Grauwen, "Norbert et les debuts de l’abbaye de Floreffe" in Anal. Praem. 51(1975) pp. 20-23: IV. La legende eucharistique de Floreffe.

[AC-VIII-1] - - Bolanden, District of Donnersberg, Rheinland-Pfalz.

[AC-VIII-2] - - Patron of the Archdiocese of Magdeburg.

[AC-IX-1] - - Augsburg in Bavaria.

[AC-IX-2] - - August 28-31, 1132.

[AC-IX-3] - - Luke 10:5.

[AC-IX-4] - - Luke 10:6.

[AC-X-1] - - Cf. Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16 and 27:16; Sirach 3:6-9 and 7:29; Malachi 1:6.

[AC-X-2] - - Cf. Matthew 15:4 and 19:19; Mark 10:19; Luke 18:20; Ephesians 6:2.


NOTES FOR THE POEM, FELIX NORBERTUS:

[Felix Norbertus-1] - - Horace (Q. Horatius Flaccus) Epistolae, Liber 1, 1, verse 61.

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